8 Dec 2012

The Guardian's Editorial on Egypt Re-Imagined

This Guardian editorial on the crisis in Egypt was written on 7 December 2012. Below is the same editorial re-imagined as if it were written in January 2011, with minor changes like replacing Morsi with Mubarak. Makes for interesting reading. 

As the crisis in Egypt develops, it is becoming increasingly clear what it is not about. It is not about the elections, or the economic crisis, or Egypt’s relationship with Israel. Nor is it about the arrangements for a successor to the president. Nor even is it about the temporary but absolute powers that the Egyptian president, Hosni Mubarak, assumed for himself – for a mere thirty years, and which will lapse the moment the Egyptian people stop making a fuss.

Urging the opposition to shun dialogue, Mohamed ElBaradei said that Mubarak had lost his legitimacy. So the target of the opposition is not the constitution, or the emergency law, but Mubarak himself. What follows is a power battle in which the aim is to unseat a democratically elected president, with 88.6% of the vote, and to prevent fresh parliamentary elections being held, both of which the ruling NDP stand a good chance of winning. Mubarak, for his part, is determined that both polls be held as soon as possible to reaffirm the popular mandate which he still thinks he has.

In weighing who occupies the moral high ground, let us start with what happened on Wednesday night. That is when the crisis, sparked by yet another Mubarak decree when he was at the height of his domestic popularity over the role he played in stopping the yet another Israeli assault on Gaza, turned violent. The NDP party sanctioned a violent assault on a peaceful encampment of opposition supporters in Tahrir Square. But lethal force came later, and the NDP was its principle victims. NDP offices were attacked up and down the country, while no other party offices were touched. This does not fit the opposition's narrative to be the victims of state violence. Both sides are victims of violence and the real perpetrators are their common enemy.

Mubarak undoubtedly made grave mistakes. In pre-empting decisions by the courts to derail his reforms, his decrees were cast too wide. His laws have many faults, although none are set in stone. The opposition on the other hand has never accepted the results of freely held elections, parliamentary or presidential, and is doing everything to stop new ones being held.

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  1. Fun, but does anyone really question the legitimacy of recent Egyptian elections versus the fixed one of Mubarak's eras? Kind of essential to the central point of the editorial, if one thinks current elections are still fixed there's no real point in proceeding without dismantling much more of the existing state apparatus. The original editorial was incorrect in the last sentence in particular, although the lack of outcry from non-MB parties over parliamentary dissolution was notable.

    Also, with respect to casualties, the MB seems to have had most of them in contrast to battle of camel etc.

    Finally the powers assumed by Morsi had a fixed expiration date of originally election of parliament and then clarified to approval of constitution and recently referendum election regardless of outcome.

    The point that the protests are now primarily about Morsi and the lack of faith the opposition have in him is a key one I think, something not readily solved.

  2. Fed up with the Legitimacy argument.9 December 2012 at 21:04

    Hey Anonymous... the answer to all those "Legitimacy" arguments is right here.


Karl reMarks is a blog about Middle East politics and culture with a healthy dose of satire.

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